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模型:Korean War M46 (塗裝篇)

   為了迴避「自行繪製老虎臉」的麻煩,我從Concord的Tank Warfare in Korea寫真集中挑出兩張1952年美軍海陸第一戰車營A25號車的照片作為塗裝參考資料 (pp. 67~68)。在p.68 有另一張同營C25號車的照片,正是威龍套件所提供的另一款塗裝,不過就如前述,車體前方的C25車號太小,而且還是少了一組車體前方應該要有的車輛流水號。A25號車就沒有車輛流水號的問題,而且可以沿用C25號的貼紙來放大影印,切割成型紙遮蓋噴塗。

  To paint this M46, I chose the scheme of Nr. A25 in 1st Marine Tank Bn. for reference, because it was easier to handmade the stencil tape, just copied the decal from the M46 kit  (and enlarged it to about 20% larger than the decal words) then cut it on the masking tape. DRAGON provided another marking scheme of Nr. C25, the same battalion, but was short of the vehicle number, and the words"C25" on the glacis plate was too small.

  我將整件模型區分成車體、炮塔、炮塔後置物箱、排氣管防燙蓋板、履帶,以及外排路輪等部份以利噴塗作業。由於車號要以遮蓋噴塗方式為之,因此本車在噴完底漆之後的第一道顏色是白色,噴塗於上車體前緣、炮塔兩側及炮塔後頭木箱的後面。噴完待乾,貼上切好的「A25」遮蓋膠紙,接著進行車體色噴塗。韓戰時期美軍地面車輛應該仍採用Olive Drab (簡稱OD色)作為車體單一塗裝色,因此我以GSI的C38號為主色,在噴塗C38號前先在角落、凹陷、路輪膠圈及履帶內側等處 (履帶內側應該是橡膠片) 噴上C33 + C301調成的深灰色,作為膠圈色及陰影色。全車噴完主色後,再於C38中加入C60調淺,噴塗第一道高光色,第二道高光色則是於前述的混色中再添加一些C330淺米黃色。
 
  For the convenience of airbrushing, I devided the whole model into several parts: hull, turret, wooden box, muffler covers, tracks, and outer roadwheels. First I airbrushed white on the glacis plate, two sides of turret, and wooden box, for later masked by the stencil tapes; then I sprayed dark gray (mixed with GSI C33 and C301) for the pre-shadow, rubber rims on the roadwheels, and inner side tracks rubber pads. I chose the GSI C38 for the main OD color, and after the whole kit was airbrushed with it, I mixed some C60 within for the first high-light, and then a little C330 added in for the second high-light color.






  既然沒有色彩斑斕的老虎臉塗裝,我打算加強車體未上漆處與車體色的對比來增進全車的視覺資訊量 (用白話來說呢,就是騙眼睛)。與車體OD色對比最大的地方莫如排氣管及其防燙蓋板的鏽色、木製置物箱的木棕色、以及炮盾防水布的帆布色,因此就用土色調較重的褐色來噴塗防水布,鏽色則以GSI C29加C19為基底色,噴塗過程中再加入紅棕色隨機噴塗造成不均勻的鏽跡。另外,舷板外側的追加薄板則用來實驗「真實掉漆」法──先噴上較為強韌的GSI深棕色,再噴上用清水稀釋,理論上附著力會下降的田宮水漆XF62,待乾後用硬毛筆順著水平方向硬刷。結果很不明顯,主要還是兩種顏色對比太低,彩度都太濁之故吧。
 
  I tried to emphasize the contrast of OD color and rust / canvas areas. I sprayed the mufflers and their covers with GSI C29 + C19, then added more and more red brown for
lively rust; more khaki tone for the canvas cover on the mantlet; and on the plates on the fender edge, I tried to use the "really chipping" method: sprayed the stronger GSI lacquer dark brown color, and then a coat of water-diluted TAMIYA acrylic XF-62; after they dried, brushed them with a hard paintbrush. But this method couldn't make the result I want.



  撕下遮蓋型紙、貼上水貼、筆塗各類小細節,最後就是舊化了。這回的舊化跟以往的作法大同小異,值得一提之處如下:觀察現代戰車演習時的俯視照片會發現,車體和炮塔的水平面 (炮塔頂、引擎蓋等處)沙塵特別多,垂直面則相對乾淨。因此我特別加強水平面上的泥塵,先撲上粉彩,再用沾水的筆刷戳刺之,讓它們以隨機的方式固定在模型上。

  Basically the weathering methods of this M46 were the same with my earlier models; but this time I added more pastels on the horizontal surfaces such like the turret top and engine deck, and stamped them with damped paintbrush for setting. It's because the AFVs usually more dirty on the horizontal surfaces than the vertical surfaces, according to the pictures of real tanks on the exercise or battle.



  請注意上圖中炮塔側面和車體上部之間骯髒程度的差異。

  以下就是成品照片,請看倌賞個眼吧:







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